Typical African scenario:
1. The newly elected President has launched an ambitious reform program to fight poverty, reduce corruption, revive agriculture and secure equal treatment of all ethnic groups.
2. The President is quickly encompassed by powerful forces within society who benefit from status quo and continued patrimonialism. The President gets frustrated and gives gradually up his reform agenda.
3. When the President retires, he joins the group of the “old and wise” who look behind and talk about what they could and should have done when in power.
Recommended reading: “Inside the Presidency”, written by former Presidential adviser in Zambia, Dickson Jere